This work depicts a seated jaguar with realistic features and is associated with perhaps the most important ritual performed at the site of Chavín de Huantar in what is today central Peru. This ritual attracted pilgrims from across the Andes. This particular vessel is further noteworthy for its distinct “stirrup” features, which first appeared in Ecuador.
Chavín had easy access to the coasts, central highlands, and Amazon, allowing for a great deal of intercultural exchange. Jaguars, largely from the Amazon lowlands, along with pumas, lived throughout the Andes mountains and were believed to represent supernatural influences. Probably the most important structures at Chavín de Huantar, for example, redirected a stream through an underground labyrinth that re-created the roaring sound of a jaguar for pilgrims. They were under the influence of powerful hallucinogens as they made their way through the ceremonial center of Chavín de Huantar.
Fernando Camargo receives the Vilcek Prize for Creative Promise in Biomedical Science for unraveling the mechanism of blood cell production and uncovering crucial cellular signaling processes implicated in cancer treatment and regenerative medicine.
Carlos Bustamante receives the Vilcek Prize in Biomedical Science for his pioneering single-molecule studies, which enabled the isolation, visualization, and manipulation of individual molecules within cells and revealed insights into the structure and dynamics of key players in cellular processes such as gene expression.